Senior UN officials on Sunday condemned the deadly Russian missile strikes in the Ukraine city of Odesa which damaged several historic buildings.
Over the past week, Russia has carried out aerial attacks on Odesa and two other port cities, Chornomorsk and Mykolaiv, since terminating the landmark Black Sea Initiative on grain and fertiliser exports.
International media reported that at least one person was killed and more than 20 wounded in Sunday’s attack.
The attack also damaged significant cultural sites in Odesa, including the Transfiguration Cathedral, the first and foremost Orthodox church in the city.
The Cathedral was founded in 1794 and is located in the Historic Centre of Odesa.
It was inscribed on the World Heritage List in January and maintained by the UN Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO).
UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres strongly condemned the attack, his spokesperson said in a statement.
“In addition to the appalling toll the war is taking on civilian lives, this is yet another attack in an area protected under the world Heritage Convention in violation of the 1954 Hague Convention for the Protection of Cultural Property in the Event of Armed Conflict,” it said.
Guterres also expressed concern about the war’s increasing threat to Ukrainian culture and heritage.
UNESCO has verified damage to 270 cultural sites, including 116 religious sites, since the start of the Russian invasion on Feb. 24, 2022.
“The secretary-general urges the Russian Federation to immediately cease attacks against cultural property protected by widely ratified international normative instruments.
“The Secretary-General also continues to urge immediate cessation of all attacks against civilians and civilian infrastructure,” he said.
UNESCO was deeply dismayed by the attack, which it condemned in the strongest terms.
A mission will be deployed to Odesa in the coming days to conduct a preliminary assessment of damages.
The agency said this action follows other recent attacks that impacted cultural heritage in areas of Lviv and Odesa that are protected under the World Heritage Convention.
“This outrageous destruction marks an escalation of violence against cultural heritage of Ukraine,” Audrey Azoulay, UNESCO Director-General, said.
She urged Russia to take meaningful action to comply with its obligations under international law, including with regard to the protection of cultural property during armed conflict.
Furthermore, the attacks contradict recent statements by Russian authorities concerning precautions taken to spare World Heritage sites in Ukraine, including their buffer zones, the agency said, adding that intentional destruction of cultural sites may amount to a war crime.
In response to the war, UNESCO is working to promote the protection of cultural institutions in Ukraine, along with other actions such as denouncing violence against journalists and supporting the maintenance of education.
Azoulay was in Odesa in April where she met with World Heritage site managers and stakeholders from the cultural sector.
She took stock of emergency actions by UNESCO to protect cultural heritage threatened by the conflict.
Speaking at the time, she said nearly seven billion dollars would be required over the next decade to rebuild the cultural sector in Ukraine.