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Tuesday, December 5, 2023

CBN To Sack Bank CEOS With Unpublished Accounts



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Jobs of some bank Chief Executive Officers (CEOs) and their Chairmen

may soon be on the line. A Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) directive has

warned that bank CEOs and chairmen who fail to publish their

institutions’ accounts 12 months after the end of the financial year

will be removed from office.


The order was contained in the CBN’s Monetary, Credit, Foreign Trade

and Exchange Policy Guidelines for Fiscal Years 2014/2015 released at

the weekend.


The regulator will continue to hold the Board chairman and CEO of a

defaulting bank directly responsible for any breach and impose

appropriate sanctions, which may also include barring the CEO or

his/her nominee from participation in the Bankers’ Committee and

disclosing the reason for such suspension.


In accordance with Bank and Other Financial Institutions Act -BOFIA

(2004)-banks are required, subject to the written approval of the CBN,

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to publish not later than four months after the end of each financial

year, their audited financial statements (balance sheet, and profit

and loss account) in a national daily newspaper.


The CBN said to facilitate the implementation of consolidated

supervision, all banks, discount houses and their subsidiaries shall

continue to adopt December 31, as their accounting year end.

The CBN also said other sanctions may include suspension of the

foreign exchange dealership licence of the bank and its name beingsent

to the Nigerian Stock Exchange, where such offender is a public quoted



The CBN said it would continue to adopt the risk-based supervision

(RBS) approach in the supervision of institutions under its regulatory

purview. “The objective of the RBS approach is to provide an effective

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process to assess the safety and soundness of banks and other

financial institutions. This is achieved by evaluating their risk

profile, financial condition, risk management practices and compliance

with applicable laws and regulations,” it said.


It enjoined banks to pursue profitability in their business models

through efficient operations, adding that they should charge

competitive rather than excessive rates of interest in the course of

their transactions. The lenders are also to disclose their prime and

maximum lending rates as fixed spreads over the Monetary Policy Rate.


The CBN said it would sustain the use of macro-prudential regulation,

and top-down quarterly solvency and liquidity banking industry stress

testing, in assessing the health of banks. Similarly, banks would

continue to conduct and submit to the CBN their quarterly bottom-up

solvency stress testing report.

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